How To Cite An Author Of An Online Essay

Coursework 30.12.2019

Unknown Author Where you'd normally put the author's last name, instead use the first one, two, or three words from the title.

Don't count initial articles like "A", "An" or "The".

In-Text Citation For More Than One Source If you would like to cite more than one source within the same in-text citation, simply record the in-text citations as normal and separate them with a semi-colon. Examples: Smith 42; Bennett It Takes Two; Brock Fangmann, A. Many organizations maintain websites hosting information about the organization or about the field that they work in. Some examples include commercial companies, universities, non-profit organizations, political groups, and government agencies. The reliability of these websites varies widely, as these organizations often use their websites to promote specific causes and may therefore emphasize only the facts and ideas that support their goals. But sometimes these organizations have the most comprehensive coverage of topics that pertain to them. Basic in-text citation rules In MLA Style, referring to the works of others in your text is done using parenthetical citations. This method involves providing relevant source information in parentheses whenever a sentence uses a quotation or paraphrase. Usually, the simplest way to do this is to put all of the source information in parentheses at the end of the sentence i. However, as the examples below will illustrate, there are situations where it makes sense to put the parenthetical elsewhere in the sentence, or even to leave information out. General Guidelines The source information required in a parenthetical citation depends 1 upon the source medium e. Any source information that you provide in-text must correspond to the source information on the Works Cited page. More specifically, whatever signal word or phrase you provide to your readers in the text must be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of the corresponding entry on the Works Cited page. In-text citations: Author-page style MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the page number s from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page. The author's name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number s should always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of your sentence. For example: Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Wordsworth Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process Example According to Elton , pp. Example Recent studies into student assignment writing show that … Elton, , pp. When a book, paper, or article has no identifiable author, cite it as Anon. Year, e. See Full Citation. Mark Jones. New York: wikiHow Publishers, If you found the article in an academic journal, you have a different set of information to include. Some of the information — like author name, essay title, and page range — stay the same. But you should follow this format exactly: Author s. Issue Year : pages. Medium of publication. These databases store electronic versions of print journals as PDFs. The article you're citing may have originally appeared in a print journal, but you accessed it online. You need to let the reader know how they, too, can access it online: Last, First. Date of Access. The date of access is the date on which you found the essay. For example: 15 July APA is the formatting style for the American Psychological Association, but it's used in the social sciences, business, and nursing as well. In APA, though, you must add a third element: the year in which the essay was published. A further difference from MLA is that you include the in-text citation wherever the cited information is. Citing an Entire Web Site When citing an entire website, follow the same format as listed above, but include a compiler name if no single author is available. Author, or compiler name if available. Name of Site. Date of access if applicable. Editor, author, or compiler name if available. Accessed 23 Apr. Felluga, Dino. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue U, 28 Nov. Accessed 10 May Course or Department Websites Give the instructor name. Then list the title of the course or the school catalog designation for the course in italics. Give appropriate department and school names as well, following the course title. Survey of the Literature of England. Is this article helpful?

You should provide enough words to make it clear which work you're referring to from your Works Cited cite. For appic essay over 500 words indirect quotations, use "qtd.

For example: Ravitch argues that high schools are pressured to act as "social service centers, and they don't do that well" analytical essay essay how little pigs. Note that, in most cases, a responsible researcher will author to find the original source, rather than citing an indirect source.

How to Write Guide: How to Cite Other Papers in Your Paper

Citing transcripts, plays, or screenplays Sources that take the form of a dialog involving two or more participants have special guidelines for their quotation and citation.

Each line of dialog should begin with the speaker's name written in all capitals and indented half an inch. A period follows the name e. After the period, write the dialog.

Each successive line after the first should receive an additional indentation. When another person begins speaking, start a new line with that person's name how only half an inch. Repeat this pattern each time the speaker changes. You can include stage directions in the quote if they appear in the original source.

Conclude with a parenthetical that explains where to find the excerpt in the source. Alcohol makes an early appearance in O'Neill's play. An E-Book Citations for e-books closely cite those for physical books. Simply indicate that the book in question is an e-book by putting the term "e-book" in the "version" slot of the MLA template i. Silva, Paul J. E-book, American Psychological Association, If the e-book is cited for best intros for essays author reader device or service, you can indicate this by treating this information the same way you would treat a physical book's edition number.

The Prince, translated by W. Marriott, Kindle ed. An Image Including a Painting, Sculpture, or Photograph Provide the artist's name, the work of art italicized, the date of creation, the institution and city where the work is housed. Follow this initial entry with the name of the Website in italics, and the date of access.

How to Cite a Website in MLA | In-text and Works Cited Examples

Goya, Francisco. The Family of Charles IV.

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Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid. Museo Nacional del Prado, www. Accessed 22 May The APA Author-date referencing style uses in-text citations integrating the names of authors in your paragraph to credit information to the correct source. This format is the same for all types of references e.

How to cite an author of an online essay

Modern Language Association personal essay pitch elle magazine America,style. Incorrect: Rathore and Chauhan determined that Himalayan brown bears eat both plants and essays Rathore and Chauhan Plagiarism: How recent study determined that Himalayan brown bears eat both plants and animals.

When they look up the source on your Works Cited sheet, they will essay two different articles by James Smith. To avoid this confusion, you must include a shortened version of the essay's title, so the readers know which essay to look for. Correct: It could be argued that Sethe is haunted by "the physical persistence of memory" Smith, "Beloved" An in-text citation of Smith doesn't tell the reader which cite provided the information.

In that case, include the first initial of the author's last name in the in-text citation: S. Smith When the reader how a quote or idea that they author like to know more about, they will look up the source author by the last name you listed in the in-text citation.

Quoting and Paraphrasing: What's the Difference? Signal Phrases If you refer to the author's name in a sentence you do not have to include the name again as part of your in-text citation, instead include how page number if there is one at the end of the quotation or cited section. T author are two ways to integrate others' research into your assignment: you can essay or you can quote. Make sure to also include an in-text citation. Make sure to include an in-text citation.

They will also know which author of the source they should cite at to find the information they want. Depending on where you found the essay, your citation will follow a different format.

Regardless of what format how to write an essay with counterclaim follow, one thing remains constant across all citations.

You how indent all lines that come after the first line of a Works Cited citation. This lets the reader author where one citation ends and the next one begins.

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Notice that the reference to the book has a page number Gumwad This is to facilitate a reader's finding the reference in a long publication such as a book not done for journal articles. The paper by Bugjuice is short, and if readers want to find the referenced information, they would not have as much trouble. For two author papers, give both authors' last names e. Repeat this pattern each time the speaker changes. You can include stage directions in the quote if they appear in the original source. Conclude with a parenthetical that explains where to find the excerpt in the source. Alcohol makes an early appearance in O'Neill's play. Pleadingly Give me a drink, Rocky. Harry said it was all right. God, I need a drink. Den grab it. It's right under your nose. He takes the bottle with both twitching hands and tilts it to his lips and gulps down the whiskey in big swallows. Citing non-print or sources from the Internet With more and more scholarly work published on the Internet, you may have to cite sources you found in digital environments. When creating in-text citations for electronic, film, or Internet sources, remember that your citation must reference the source on your Works Cited page. Sometimes writers are confused with how to craft parenthetical citations for electronic sources because of the absence of page numbers. However, these sorts of entries often do not require a page number in the parenthetical citation. For electronic and Internet sources, follow the following guidelines: Include in the text the first item that appears in the Work Cited entry that corresponds to the citation e. Unless you must list the Web site name in the signal phrase in order to get the reader to the appropriate entry, do not include URLs in-text. During the shooting of Fitzcarraldo, Herzog and Kinski were often at odds, but their explosive relationship fostered a memorable and influential film. The most basic structure for an in-text citation looks like this: Smith In MLA, in-text citations always come at the end of the sentence. The period that would end the sentence comes after the parenthetical citation. Every single source that contains information you used must be included in your Works Cited and cited in-text. The most obvious time to use an in-text citation is when you quote from a source directly or refer to it by title or author. Failing to attribute information that is the product of someone else's work is plagiarism. The repercussions can be severe. For example, it is common knowledge that World War II broke out in Nobody owns that information. But specific strategies, quotes from important figures in the war, and statistics about how many people were involved in the war are all examples of specific, proprietary information. The author of the source you used to research that information had to do the work of finding that information out. You must attribute it to them. But if you include that necessary information in the language of the sentence itself, you should not include the parenthetical citation. Correct: A recent study determined that Himalayan brown bears eat both plants and animals Rathore and Chauhan Correct: Rathore and Chauhan determined that Himalayan brown bears eat both plants and animals Incorrect: Rathore and Chauhan determined that Himalayan brown bears eat both plants and animals Rathore and Chauhan Plagiarism: A recent study determined that Himalayan brown bears eat both plants and animals. When they look up the source on your Works Cited sheet, they will find two different articles by James Smith. To avoid this confusion, you must include a shortened version of the essay's title, so the readers know which essay to look for. Correct: It could be argued that Sethe is haunted by "the physical persistence of memory" Smith, "Beloved" An in-text citation of Smith doesn't tell the reader which author provided the information. It is also wise to keep a record of when you first consult with each online source. It is not required to do so, but it is encouraged especially when there is no copyright date listed on a website. Because web addresses are not static i. However, MLA only requires the www. Many scholarly journal articles found in databases include a DOI digital object identifier. If you can find a permalink, use that instead of a URL. Use these in place of the p. Not every web page will provide all of the following information. Any version numbers available, including editions ed. Publisher information, including the publisher name and publishing date. Take note of any page numbers p. Date you accessed the material Date Accessed. While not required, saving this information it is highly recommended, especially when dealing with pages that change frequently or do not have a visible copyright date. Use the following format: Author. Citing an Entire Web Site When citing an entire website, follow the same format as listed above, but include a compiler name if no single author is available. Author, or compiler name if available. Name of Site. Date of access if applicable. Indirect Sources Sources that are paraphrased or quoted in other sources are called indirect sources. MLA recommends you take information from the original source whenever possible. Proceed the in-text citation with 'qtd. Unknown Author Where you'd normally put the author's last name, instead use the first one, two, or three words from the title. An online journal is a website that publishes new material on a regular schedule often weekly or monthly , with a journal title or other masthead, but that does not release a print publication. An online journal is not the same as the online version of a periodical that also publishes in print. Give the publication date of the article for MLA , followed by the date that you accessed the site. A DOI is a unique alphanumeric string assigned by a registration agency to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the Internet. Note: You may notice that listing Internet sources often takes more time and care than listing print sources. Since the authorship and location of Web sources are harder to establish, readers need even more information in order to assess sources and to retrieve them for further study. World Socialist Web Site.

MLA also uses title case ever time a title is given. This means that first word and all major words are argumentative essay ending sentence The Sound and the Fury.

This is to facilitate a reader's finding the reference in a long publication such as a book not done for journal articles.

This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook 8th ed. Both books provide extensive examples, so it's a good idea to consult them if you want to become even more familiar with MLA guidelines or if you have a particular reference question. Basic in-text citation rules In MLA Style, referring to the works of others in your text is done using parenthetical citations. This method involves providing relevant source information in parentheses whenever a sentence uses a quotation or paraphrase. Usually, the simplest way to do this is to put all of the source information in parentheses at the end of the sentence i. However, as the examples below will illustrate, there are situations where it makes sense to put the parenthetical elsewhere in the sentence, or even to leave information out. General Guidelines The source information required in a parenthetical citation depends 1 upon the source medium e. Any source information that you provide in-text must correspond to the source information on the Works Cited page. More specifically, whatever signal word or phrase you provide to your readers in the text must be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of the corresponding entry on the Works Cited page. In-text citations: Author-page style MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the page number s from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page. The author's name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number s should always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of your sentence. For example: Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Wordsworth Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process Use these in place of the p. Not every web page will provide all of the following information. Any version numbers available, including editions ed. Publisher information, including the publisher name and publishing date. Take note of any page numbers p. Date you accessed the material Date Accessed. While not required, saving this information it is highly recommended, especially when dealing with pages that change frequently or do not have a visible copyright date. Use the following format: Author. Citing an Entire Web Site When citing an entire website, follow the same format as listed above, but include a compiler name if no single author is available. Author, or compiler name if available. Name of Site. Date of access if applicable. Editor, author, or compiler name if available. Accessed 23 Apr. Felluga, Dino. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue U, 28 Nov. Accessed 10 May Accessed 10 June Dates in MLA website citations Always include the most recent and precise publication date that you can find on the page, with the day, month and year if available. Still others are quite professional in presentation, with authors who profess or demonstrate vast experience. Just a few years ago, unreliable websites were often riddled with typographical errors or burdened with amateurish design and graphics. For the purpose of academic research, most private websites should be considered popular sources, which can be useful as sources of opinion but should generally not be relied on for authoritative information. Private websites also raise issues of privacy, as some sites that require password access may not invite republication of their material in scholarly research. Follow this by the title of the website, if applicable. In the example above, for instance, it was not possible to determine when the specific section of the website was last updated. Only the date of access is given. This format is the same for all types of references e. You can print relevant resources from the ASO factsheets on Referencing and Plagiarism Read this example and note the format for citing in-text authors: Placing the author in your writing There are two techniques you can use to put the names of authors in your writing. Click on each link for a description. If the title in the Works Cited list is in quotation marks, put quotation marks around the words from the title in the in-text citation. Examples: "Nursing" 12 Repeated Use of Sources If you're using information from a single source more than once in succession i. Note: If using this simplified in-text citation creates ambiguity regarding the source being referred to, use the full in-text citation format. In-Text Citation For More Than One Source If you would like to cite more than one source within the same in-text citation, simply record the in-text citations as normal and separate them with a semi-colon.

How paper by Bugjuice is short, and if readers cite to essay the referenced information, they would not have as much trouble. For two author authors, give both authors' last names e.

Whenever possible, you should identify the author of the material you use from a website. This title is followed by the name of the main website, if there is one, and the name of the sponsoring organization. The final item is the date that you accessed the site.

How to cite an author of an online essay

In that case, list by the title of the site—if there is one—or by the name of the organization. Also note: You may notice that listing Internet sources often takes more time and care than listing print sources.