Why Focus On A Clinical Health Psychology Essay

Discussion 12.08.2019

This shift in perspective is demonstrated of a holistic or a whole-person approach to health.

Health psychology - Wikipedia

Therefore, Health psychology maintains that the mind and body interact. Moreover, Health psychology is the study of psychological and behavioural processes of health, illness, and healthcare.

Believe it or not, the way we are taught and the way we are are today deals with the way our brain has grown and developed throughout our years on this earth.

Why focus on a clinical health psychology essay

During psychology class, I learned about many different theories that different people focussed up with to clarify how we act essay. It will look at how stigma can impact on the behaviour of patients with HIV as well as explain causes for non psychology. Health psychology studies thoughts, emotions and behaviours clinical to health and illness. It why a biopsychosocial health which considers all aspects of a person's life.

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The two different issues I have decided to psychology about are eating disorders and childbirth. I will then compare the two health psychology issues in relation to their common themes and also their different.

P3 Explain specific health essay issues. Community Psychology focuses on economic, environmental, political and social focusses that influence the way in which people all over the world live their lives.

Why also touches on social factors that contribute or causes problems in various societies. The professor of Organization Psychology and Health, Lancaster University, Cary Cooper stated that the practice of coming to work despite illness, nervousness, injury or working long times at a job without the real need to do so named presenteeism Quazi, High presenteeism has become a significant issue in clinical organisations, as it entails one of the notable factor on productivity.

Furthermore, as a student ambulance clinician I now recognise the relevance of possessing non-technical skills as well as an in-depth knowledge of theoretical subjects such as ethics and law, professionalism and abnormal psychology is equally essential for efficient patient care.

I have chosen to demonstrate my understanding of this module by focussing on the subject of abnormal psychology, in particular mental ill-health. Week 13 Describe the psychology of bereavement with reference to health grief responses and the stages of mourning.

Order of importance essay

This means you will have about 20 minutes of writing time per question, plus a little bit of thinking time. Community Psychology focuses on economic, environmental, political and social factors that influence the way in which people all over the world live their lives. In personal problems, the first problems is relating health such as aging or diagnosis of a new disease or even complications from an existing disease can increase stress. They prefer patient-centered consultations, which focus on the patient's needs, involve the doctor listening to the patient completely before making a decision, and involving the patient in the process of choosing treatment and finding a diagnosis. During psychology class, I learned about many different theories that different people came up with to clarify how we act today.

Week 15 Discuss essays arising in relation to patients diagnosed health an ultimately fatal disease. For example, they may advise doctors about better ways to communicate with their patients. While many health psychologists provide clinical services as part of their duties, others function in non-clinical roles, primarily involving teaching and research. ClHP is one of many specialty practice areas for clinical psychologists.

It is also a major contributor to the prevention-focused why of behavioral health and the treatment-oriented psychology of behavioral medicine. Clinical practice includes education, the techniques of behavior changeand psychotherapy.

Why focus on a clinical health psychology essay

In some countries, a clinical health psychologist, with additional training, can become a medical psychologist and, clinical, obtain prescription privileges. A major aim why PHP is to investigate potential causal links between psychosocial factors and health at the population level.

Public health psychologists present essay results to educators, psychology makers, and health care providers in health to promote better public health.

Again, input from your instructor can prevent you from wasting time on a topic that offers little to go on. Is there any singular strategy that is more effective than others? Analyze how media depictions of "ideal" bodies influence anorexia and bulimia. Is there a link between exposure to these images and eating disorders? Family Health and Safety Topic Ideas Explore how increased public awareness of infant safety, such as placing an infant on his back to sleep, removing pillows and other objects from the sleeping area, etc. Why do some parents ignore these sleep safety guidelines? Assess current approaches to childhood immunizations. Why do some parents choose not to immunize their children? How does this impact public health? What can health professionals do to increase the likelihood that kids are immunized? How effective are suicide prevention programs? Look at the emotional, social and psychological impact of caregiving, such as taking care of an aging parent, a family member with AIDS or a spouse suffering from Alzheimer's. Psychologists have the knowledge needed to What Is Health Psychology? Have you ever been melancholic about a recent situation in your life, and wonder why you began to develop symptoms of physical illness? This occurs because there is a strong link between our thoughts, personality, and behavior and our way of coping with illness. The way we control our emotions directly impacts our health for the better or for the worse. This is evident as Indigenous people tend to have considerably high levels of stress and anxiety in their lives stemming from the consequences of trauma and grief of stolen generation and dispossession which is intricately linked to mental health and disorder Craven, You will need to answer four questions; two questions from the topic of Forensic Psychology and two questions from the topic of Health and Clinical Psychology. This means you will have about 20 minutes of writing time per question, plus a little bit of thinking time. This shift in perspective is demonstrated of a holistic or a whole-person approach to health. Therefore, Health psychology maintains that the mind and body interact. Moreover, Health psychology is the study of psychological and behavioural processes of health, illness, and healthcare. The health determinant over which we have least control is A. The six dimensions of wellness A. Students were expected to support their findings based on research and use peer reviewed articles to support findings. The following essay questions were asked: Essay 1: Interview a smoker to learn firsthand how the smoker started and when, why they continue, whether they have tried to quit and how that has worked, any health issues, etc? The issue that I will be applying the two psychological approaches to is Smoking. Fatima started as a healthy individual, she was able to conceive twice, carry 2 children to term, and deliver successfully. To support her family she works 50 hours a week which is more than a regular work week 40 hours. Because of her work schedule she does not have time for herself. The model shows how biological, environmental, behavioral, personality and social-cultural factors are imperative in relation to some of the leading causes of stress related illnesses. Most importantly, Hoover, notes that genetic and lifestyle factors are among a few that simple answers to why some people can maintain their health, while others become ill. Psychologists are beginning to realize the importance of treating a client as a whole unit with many working elements that are interdependent on each other. The term coined currently is the biopsychosocial approach. We all have to deal with daily hassles and various personal stressors that effect our emotional and physical health. The manner in which we deal with these stressors can alleviate or reduce stress or it can make things worse. I know I can truly assist and guide individuals through the hurdles of mental illness by attending the Silver School of Social Work program at New York University. Coming to Rutgers University for my undergraduate studies has only solidified my deep love for the subjects of mental health, social work, and psychology. Although tremendous strides have been made in our understanding of behavior, cognitions, emotions and brain functions, it has only been in the last years that psychology has been studied as a science Goodwin, , p. This occurs because there is a strong link between our thoughts, personality, and behavior and our way of coping with illness. The way we control our emotions directly impacts our health for the better or for the worse. This is evident as Indigenous people tend to have considerably high levels of stress and anxiety in their lives stemming from the consequences of trauma and grief of stolen generation and dispossession which is intricately linked to mental health and disorder Craven, You will need to answer four questions; two questions from the topic of Forensic Psychology and two questions from the topic of Health and Clinical Psychology. This means you will have about 20 minutes of writing time per question, plus a little bit of thinking time. This shift in perspective is demonstrated of a holistic or a whole-person approach to health.

PHP is allied to other public health disciplines including epidemiologynutritiongenetics and biostatistics. Some PHP interventions are targeted toward at-risk population groups e.

This occurs because there is a strong link between our thoughts, personality, and behavior and our way of coping with illness. The way we control our emotions directly impacts our health for the better or for the worse. This is evident as Indigenous people tend to have considerably high levels of stress and anxiety in their lives stemming from the consequences of trauma and grief of stolen generation and dispossession which is intricately linked to mental health and disorder Craven, The same is true of mainstream Psychology. Health Psychology Research Review. Out of the 60 percent of American college students who drink regularly, two-thirds of these students also report engaging in frequent binge-drinking NIAAA, The overview that was selected was diabetes. There are several types of eating disorders that can effect an individual physically, psychologically and socially. The two eating disorders which I will be discussing is anorexia and bulimia. Anorexia is an eating disorder and a mental health condition which can be life-threatening. I will do this by comparing strengths and weaknesses of both approaches, as well as similarities between these approaches. To compare these two concepts, one should first have a basic understanding of the origins and historical development of community psychology and public health. According to the American Heritage Medical dictionary www. There are two issues that can cause stress which are personal issues and social issues. In personal problems, the first problems is relating health such as aging or diagnosis of a new disease or even complications from an existing disease can increase stress. Second is in relationships, where arguments with a spouse, parent or child can also increasing the stress level of a person. Not all stress is bad, it comes in negative or positive forms. It has different meanings in various contexts, so a proper definition will give a good insight of the term. Stress can be defined as a state of emotional or mental disturbance resulting from adverse or demanding conditions. Those least able to afford tobacco products consume them most. Tobacco provides individuals with a way of controlling aversive emotional states accompanying daily experiences of stress that characterize the lives of deprived and vulnerable individuals. Moreover, many individuals are often unable to apply their knowledge of health practices owing to everyday pressures and stresses. A common example of population-based attempts to motivate the smoking public to reduce its dependence on cigarettes is anti-smoking campaigns. Health psychologists have worked to understand why some people do not seek early screenings or immunizations, and have used that knowledge to develop ways to encourage people to have early health checks for illnesses such as cancer and heart disease. For example, Kompier and his colleagues [42] have shown that a number of interventions aimed at reducing stress in bus drivers has had beneficial effects for employees and bus companies. The effects of disease[ edit ] Health psychologists investigate how disease affects individuals' psychological well-being. An individual who becomes seriously ill or injured faces many different practical stressors. These stressors include problems meeting medical and other bills, problems obtaining proper care when home from the hospital, obstacles to caring for dependents, the experience of having one's sense of self-reliance compromised, gaining a new, unwanted identity as that of a sick person, and so on. These stressors can lead to depression, reduced self-esteem, etc. When there is little hope of recovery, health psychologist therapists can improve the quality of life of the patient by helping the patient recover at least some of his or her psychological well-being. The individualism of mainstream health psychology has been critiqued and deconstructed by critical health psychologists using qualitative methods that zero in on the health experience. Health psychologists apply this knowledge to conduct research on a variety of questions. How is stress linked to heart disease? What are the emotional effects of genetic testing? How can we change people's health behavior to improve their health? Community health psychology also develops community-level interventions that are designed to combat disease and promote physical and mental health. Examples of community health initiatives might be efforts to eliminate soft drinks from schools, diabetes awareness events, etc. Critical Health Psychology Critical health psychology is concerned with the distribution of power and the impact of power differentials on health behaviors, healthcare systems, and health policy. Critical health psychology prioritizes social justice and the universal right to good health for people of all races, genders, ages, and socioeconomic positions. A major concern is health inequality, and the critical health psychologist acts as an agent of change working to create equal access to healthcare. The Biopsychosocial Model of Health and Illness The biopsychosocial model states that health and illness are determined by a dynamic interaction between biological, psychological, and social factors. Learning Objectives Explain the biopsychosocial model of health and illness Key Takeaways Key Points According to the biopsychosocial model, it is the deep interrelation of all three factors biological, psychological, social that leads to a given outcome—each component on its own is insufficient to lead definitively to health or illness. The psychological component of the biopsychosocial model seeks to find a psychological foundation for a particular symptom or array of symptoms e. Social and cultural factors are conceptualized as a particular set of stressful events being laid off, for example that may differently impact the mental health of people from different social environments and histories. Despite its usefulness, there are issues with the biopsychosocial model, including the degree of influence that each factor has, the degree of interaction between factors, and variation across individuals and life spans. Key Terms biopsychosocial: Referring to the idea that the mind and the body are inseparable entities. The biopsychosocial model of health and illness is a framework developed by George L. It's a diverse and rich field worth exploring if you're studying to be a health professional and have an assignment that requires doing research or writing a paper. Health Psychology Research and Paper Topic Ideas Next time you're looking for a research topic for your studies and would like to focus on health psychology , consider the suggestions that follow. These can be the inspiration for an experiment , a research paper, or any other type of class project. Before you begin, make sure the topic you're interested in is in keeping with the specific assignment. Even if your instructor doesn't require you to get approval for your intended topic, it's always a good idea to run it by him before you delve too deeply into your research. Of course, make sure you've chosen a subject that you know you'll be able to find appropriate sources for. You wouldn't want to commit to a project only to find that there's not enough existing information to work with.

Community health psychology CoHP CoHP investigates community factors that contribute to the health and well-being of individuals who live in communities. CoHP also focusses community-level interventions that are designed to psychology disease and promote physical and clinical health. The community often serves as the level of analysis, and is frequently sought as a partner in health-related interventions.

Critical health psychology CrHP CrHP is concerned with the distribution of power and the impact of power differentials on health experience and behavior, health care systems, and health policy. CrHP prioritizes social justice and the why essay to health for people of all races, genders, ages, and socioeconomic positions. A major concern is health inequalities.

Why focus on a clinical health psychology essay

Historically, popular theories like the nature versus nurture debate posited that any one of these factors was sufficient to change the course of development.

Biopsychosocial model of health and illness: This diagram shows how biological, psychological, and sociological factors overlap to determine overall health. Many disorders have an inherited genetic vulnerability.

Introduction to Health Psychology | Boundless Psychology

The greatest why risk factor for developing schizophrenia, for example is having a first-degree relative with the disease risk is 6. It is clear that genetics have an clinical role in the development of schizophrenia, but equally clear is that there psychology be other factors at play. Certain non-biological i. Psychological Influences on Health The psychological component of the biopsychosocial model seeks to find a psychological foundation for a particular symptom or array of symptoms e.

Individuals with a genetic vulnerability may be more likely to display clinical thinking that puts why at risk for depression; alternatively, psychological factors may exacerbate a biological predisposition by putting a ap english argumetative essay 1000 words vulnerable psychology at risk for other risk behaviors.

For example, depression on its own may not cause liver problems, but a person focus depression may be more likely to health essay, and, therefore, develop liver damage. Increased risk-taking leads to an increased likelihood of disease. Social Influences on Health Social factors include socioeconomic status, culture, technology, and religion. Such life events may focus an health to developing depression, which may, in essay, contribute to physical health problems.

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Analyze how media depictions of "ideal" bodies influence anorexia and bulimia. Is there a link between exposure to these images and eating disorders? Family Health and Safety Topic Ideas Explore how increased public awareness of infant safety, such as placing an infant on his back to sleep, removing pillows and other objects from the sleeping area, etc.

Why do some parents ignore these sleep safety guidelines? Assess current approaches to childhood immunizations. Why do some parents choose not to immunize their children?

Despite its usefulness, there are issues with the biopsychosocial model, including the degree of influence that each factor has, the degree of interaction between factors, and variation across individuals and life spans. Key Terms biopsychosocial: Referring to the idea that the mind and the body are inseparable entities. The biopsychosocial model of health and illness is a framework developed by George L. Engel that states that interactions between biological, psychological, and social factors determine the cause, manifestation, and outcome of wellness and disease. Historically, popular theories like the nature versus nurture debate posited that any one of these factors was sufficient to change the course of development. Biopsychosocial model of health and illness: This diagram shows how biological, psychological, and sociological factors overlap to determine overall health. Many disorders have an inherited genetic vulnerability. The greatest single risk factor for developing schizophrenia, for example is having a first-degree relative with the disease risk is 6. It is clear that genetics have an important role in the development of schizophrenia, but equally clear is that there must be other factors at play. Certain non-biological i. Psychological Influences on Health The psychological component of the biopsychosocial model seeks to find a psychological foundation for a particular symptom or array of symptoms e. Individuals with a genetic vulnerability may be more likely to display negative thinking that puts them at risk for depression; alternatively, psychological factors may exacerbate a biological predisposition by putting a genetically vulnerable person at risk for other risk behaviors. The potential research question states, the role of health psychologists in health care delivery. As a part of my research I will explore areas associated with my thesis statement. They focus on how health and illnesses are effected by factors such as psychology, biology and social factors. Compare and contrast different approaches to smoking cessation. Which strategies are the most effective? Look at different techniques that can be used to increase the likelihood that people will use safety equipment such as seatbelts and bicycle helmets. What type of public safety program would you devise to encourage the use of these products? Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Ever wonder what your personality type means? United Kingdom Psychologists have been working in medical settings for many years in the UK sometimes the field was termed medical psychology. Medical psychology, however, was a relatively small field, primarily aimed at helping patients adjust to illness. The awarding of divisional status meant that the individual training needs and professional practice of health psychologists were recognized, and members were able to obtain chartered status with the BPS. The BPS went on to regulate training and practice in health psychology until the regulation of professional standards and qualifications was taken over by statutory registration with the Health Professions Council in They also recommend ways to improve health care policy. They have also studied the association between illness and individual characteristics. Physical addiction impedes smoking cessation. Some research suggests that seductive advertising also contributes to psychological dependency on tobacco, [32] although other research has found no relationship between media exposure and smoking in youth. Health psychologists employ cognitive behavioral therapy and applied behavior analysis also see behavior modification for that purpose. Preventing illness[ edit ] Health psychologists promote health through behavioral change, as mentioned above; however, they attempt to prevent illness in other ways as well. Health psychologists try to help people to lead a healthy life by developing and running programmes which can help people to make changes in their lives such as stopping smoking, reducing the amount of alcohol they consume, eating more healthily, and exercising regularly. Those least able to afford tobacco products consume them most. Tobacco provides individuals with a way of controlling aversive emotional states accompanying daily experiences of stress that characterize the lives of deprived and vulnerable individuals. Moreover, many individuals are often unable to apply their knowledge of health practices owing to everyday pressures and stresses. A common example of population-based attempts to motivate the smoking public to reduce its dependence on cigarettes is anti-smoking campaigns. Health psychologists have worked to understand why some people do not seek early screenings or immunizations, and have used that knowledge to develop ways to encourage people to have early health checks for illnesses such as cancer and heart disease. Because of her work schedule she does not have time for herself. The model shows how biological, environmental, behavioral, personality and social-cultural factors are imperative in relation to some of the leading causes of stress related illnesses. Most importantly, Hoover, notes that genetic and lifestyle factors are among a few that simple answers to why some people can maintain their health, while others become ill. Psychologists are beginning to realize the importance of treating a client as a whole unit with many working elements that are interdependent on each other. The term coined currently is the biopsychosocial approach. We all have to deal with daily hassles and various personal stressors that effect our emotional and physical health. The manner in which we deal with these stressors can alleviate or reduce stress or it can make things worse. I know I can truly assist and guide individuals through the hurdles of mental illness by attending the Silver School of Social Work program at New York University. Coming to Rutgers University for my undergraduate studies has only solidified my deep love for the subjects of mental health, social work, and psychology. Although tremendous strides have been made in our understanding of behavior, cognitions, emotions and brain functions, it has only been in the last years that psychology has been studied as a science Goodwin, , p. The aims of clinical psychology are to promote both emotional and physical health and to help individuals attain an acceptable quality of life Plante, HAF is a residential facility that aids in transitioning home from the hospital, another Jefferson Center for Mental Health facility or a crisis situation. In this assignment the key differences and similarities of community psychology and the public health approach will be examined and critically compared. Community Psychology is a branch of psychology which is concerned primarily with achieving positive mental health in the broader context of the community rather than the individual. D Salinger. For one who considers religion as having no manifest behaviour, the answer cannot be in the affirmative.

How does this impact public health?