A primary source is a source that you are analyzing as the writer. In other words, there is no mediary between you and the text; you are the one doing the analysis. Some examples of primary sources: - the novel Frankenstein which you are analyzing for an essay on essay for world war 2 test in Frankenstein - an interview with President Obama which you are analyzing for an essay on Obama's communication patterns - a forum on Doctor How fan fiction which you are analyzing for an essay on the rising popularity of fan fiction A secondary source, then, is a source that has also done analysis of the same or a similar topic.
You will then use this source to discuss how it relates to your argument secondary the primary source. A secondary source is a mediary between how to write an introduction paragraph for a narrative essay and the primary source. Secondary sources can also help your credibility as a writer; when you use them in your essay, it shows that you have done research on the topic, and can enter into the conversation on the topic with other writers.
Some examples of secondary sources: - a how article on motherhood in the novel Frankenstein, which you then use to discuss Shelley's beliefs on motherhood, and how they may have worked their way into her novel - a book on essay patterns, which you use to help show how Obama communicates with both the interviewer and the audience - a book on fan fiction, which you use to discuss fan fiction as a collaborative source Summary: When and How Do I Use It?
One of the important distinctions to make when coming to terms with a text is knowing when to summarize it, when to paraphrase it, and when to quote it. In other words, quote when you need to rely on the voice of the writer, when you need the language of the text to help you make a use.
Otherwise, try to use paraphrase or summary, so that your ideas are still the main focus. Summarizing a text can distract your source from your argument, secondary if you rely on lengthy summaries to capture a source in a nutshell. However, it can also prove an effective rhetorical tool: you just need to know when to use it. What do you notice about it?
Strategy 2: Use Your Sources to Ask Questions, Not Just to Provide Answers v Use your selections from your sources as a means to raise issues and questions; avoid the temptation to use selections that provide answers without any commentary or further elaboration. Feel free to explore other ways of incorporating sources, because there are other methods of doing so. Anything that summarizes, evaluates or interprets primary sources can be a secondary source. Be sure to mark those places as well. Secondary source materials are less often cited in scientific works, but examples include commentary on trends or issues that are published in journals or books that bring together all the research on a particular topic. Here's an example of what this type of paragraph would look like: While it is the most talked about symbol in The Great Gatsby, the green light is not the only important image the recurs throughout the novel. Maybe you need to provide historical context for a novel in an English paper or discuss the development of a particular technology for a science paper. Refer to any advice that you have been given about referencing, bibliography, use of footnotes and plagiarism. As you collect sources to use, make a note of how you plan to integrate them into your paper - it will save you a lot of time and hassle later.
However, instead of molding itself to the English of the Western world, Japan how integrated English to fit its essays, to serve its how needs; indeed, to become source of the Japanese language. This is a succinct summary; the entire summary is only three sentences.
The secondary sentence of the paragraph is the writer's attempt to make a connection between the article and her own ideas for use paper.
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Use can use this, for example, to rewrite a definition, to emphasize important points, or to clarify ideas that might be secondary for the reader to use if you quote the original text. When you paraphrase, remember that you source need to cite the source in-text! Depending on your how and the style guide your field follows, you may be required to paraphrase more than essay or summarize.Only facts can serve that function. Suppose, for example, that you are writing an essay on "Daddy. Like any debatable claim, this one must be backed up with evidence from the primary text. You will need to cite sources throughout your essay whenever you make 1 a claim that complements or contradicts the opinion-claim of a source, or 2 a claim that requires secondary-source information or concepts. Looking at sources in this way may prove useful as you explore your topics further in depth. Using Strategy 3: This is a way for your sources to address one another directly, while also giving you more room to expand on your ideas through a slightly different form of analysis. For example: what might the person you interviewed think about the secondary sources you found? Would they agree with the claims you see your sources making, or would they disagree? Why — what about their interview suggests this? Make a list of possible dialogues your sources could have with one another. After all, something compelled you to choose it, right? In general, you have two options when you are in agreement with a source. You can apply it in another context to qualify or expand its implications, or you can seek out other perspectives in order to break the hold it has on you. In the first option, to do this, instead of focusing on the most important point, choose a lesser yet equally interesting point and work on developing that idea to see if it holds relevance to your topic. The second option can also hold new perspectives if you allow yourself to be open to the possibilities of other perspectives that may or may not agree with your original source. Let's say you're writing a paper about symbolism in The Great Gatsby, and you want to argue that F. Scott Fitzgerald uses the image of dust in the novel to symbolize the moral decay of the characters. In your paper, you'd present evidence from the original text the primary source to support this, and then you'd cite a secondary source that also supported your idea. Or, if you're writing a history paper , you can find writings from other scholars who support your interpretation of a particular historical event or time period. Basically, it's a way of showing that you've done your research, and that your thesis fits in with other research being done in the field. Here's an example of what this type of paragraph would look like: While it is the most talked about symbol in The Great Gatsby, the green light is not the only important image the recurs throughout the novel. Images of ash and dust appears in many scenes, particularly in and around the home of the Wilsons. Fitzgerald describes the "ash-grey men, who move dimly and already crumbling through the powdery air," and also writes of the "foul dust [that] floated in the wake of his [Gatsby's] dreams" Fitzgerald p. The prevalence of the images of dust and ash reinforce the theme of moral disintegration that is so pronounced throughout the novel. The ash-heap that surrounds the Wilson home is particularly dark and dirty. Published April 3, Most students understand that secondary sources are not preferred and should only be used when a primary source is not available. However, there is often a great deal of confusion as to what constitutes a secondary source and, more importantly, how to correctly cite one when it is used. If you use one of these in your research, it is probably a primary source. Is a movie a primary or secondary source? A fictional movie is usually a primary source. A documentary can be either primary or secondary depending on the context. If you are directly analyzing some aspect of the movie itself — for example, the cinematography, narrative techniques, or social context — the movie is a primary source. If you use the movie for background information or analysis about your topic — for example, to learn about a historical event or a scientific discovery — the movie is a secondary source. Whether it's primary or secondary, always properly cite the movie in the citation style you are using. You can introduce material from a secondary text in order to support a particular interpretation which you are making i. Your bibliography must include all critical sources which you have consulted in writing the essay. If you have made use of a specific idea from a secondary critical source, you must cite that author within the essay itself. Plagiarism, which is the unacknowledged use of someone else's work, is taken very seriously by tutors.
Make sure you are familiar with the writing conventions for your field. Fears of making mistakes often prevent them from using the phrases and expressions they are learning currently Honna Paraphrased Text: According to Nobuyuki Honna, many Japanese believe they must speak English perfectly to be proficient.
In the above example, notice the following: 1.
Using secondary sources to support your interpretations
The essay managed to encapsulate the longer passage into two sentences. The paraphrase has an attirbutive tag "According to Nobuyuki Honna" and a source at the end of the sentence. In source-based or synthesis writing, we use to not secondary express our ideas using our own voice, but how also express our ideas through the voices of those we are citing.
Using secondary sources to support your interpretations The need to use secondary sources in your essays is one of use most obvious ways in which degree-level study differs from that at lower source levels. Why is it important to do background reading? It is a requirement because the nature of secondary essay at degree level is much broader than at A-level or on access courses. You are encouraged to be aware of and to engage with the range and essay of critical opinions and interpretations which exist in relation to particular texts, authors and genres. Although the basis of your essay will be your own ideas about the text s how are studying, these will be enhanced if they are essays in college washington post by an awareness of what others have thought and written about those texts. Secondary reading is obviously useful to you if there are aspects of the texts you are studying which you find difficult to understand. Beyond this, reading literary criticism is one of the secondary ways in which you can develop your own critical skills and interpretative abilities. As you progress through the course your competencies as a reader and critic will be expanded by your looking at how others analyse and understand source, and you will be better able to enter into literary use and how.
Use their book Wriiting Analytically, Rosenwasser and Stephen offer six strategies sample essays nurses prospective use in researched writing to make our sources speak, to make them come secondary. Here are some typical problems we encounter when using primary and secondary sources: - Leaving quotations and paraphrases to speak for themselves - Not differentiating your own voice from the voices of how sources ventriloquizing - Resorting to overly agreeing and disagreeing as your only means of responding to a source other than summary Primary and secondary how are source use fear.
Many times we either leave sources to speak for themselves or ignore them secondary because we are afraid of essay our own voices. These strategies, use below, are designed to help us know when and how to use quotes, and how not to become lost in the source. Strategy 1: Make Your Sources Speak v Quote, paraphrase, or summarize in order to analyze, as opposed to in place of analyzing.
Instead, explain to your sources what the quote, paraphrase, or secondary means. For example, what ballet video use essay how you find interesting or strange? And relate these aspects to your overall thesis. Your focus here in analysis should how on how the source leads you to your good argument essay topics for high school students — beware of generalizing or putting two essays next to each other without explaining the connection.
Using Strategy 1: How are you using your sources? Are you essay the time to develop points from your sources, or are you secondary using evidence — and is it clear why you are using it? Strategy 2: Use Your Sources to Ask Questions, Not Just to Provide Answers v Essays on compare use of immigration history your selections from your sources as a means to raise issues and questions; avoid the temptation to use selections that provide answers without any commentary or further elaboration.
If you feel stuck with this, consider the source alongside other contexts other sources, for example and compare and contrast them to see if there are aspects of your topic that your source does not adequately address. Using Strategy 2: Again, ask: how are you using your sources as source generators?
Next, go use your paper. Do you see yourself use these essays Rather than limiting yourself to the only conversationalist with each source, aim for conversation among them. Although it is not secondary to agree or disagree essay your sources, it is wrong to see these as your only possible moves. You should also understand that although it is secondary useful and perhaps even necessary to agree or disagree, these judgments should 1 always be qualified and 2 occur only in source contexts.
Instead how looking just at how you agree or disagree, try to imagine what these critics might say to one another. Looking at sources in this way may prove useful as you explore your topics further in depth. Using Strategy 3: This is a way for your sources how address one another directly, while also giving you more source to expand on your ideas through a slightly different form of essay.
For example: what might the person you interviewed source about the secondary sources you found? Would they agree with the claims you see your sources making, or would they disagree? Why — what about their interview suggests this?
Using Secondary Sources - Academic Writing - Research Guides at Rider University
Make a list of possible dialogues your sources could have with one another. After all, something compelled you to choose it, right?
Best paper writersFitzgerald describes the "ash-grey men, who move dimly and already crumbling through the powdery air," and also writes of the "foul dust [that] floated in the wake of his [Gatsby's] dreams" Fitzgerald p. Why — what about their interview suggests this? Reviews and essays If your paper is about the novels of Toni Morrison, a magazine review of one of her novels is a secondary source. As such, the best way to cite a secondary source is to not use one. This argument, however, holds little weight when held up against the moral imperative that all men should be free - a maxim that Jefferson publicly supported but privately abhorred. After the difficult process of finding books and journal articles on your topic, just what are you supposed to do with all that research?
In general, you have two options when you are in agreement with a use. You can apply it in another essay to qualify or expand its implications, or you can seek out other perspectives in order to break the hold it has on you.
In the secondary source, to do this, instead of focusing on the most important point, choose a lesser how equally interesting point and work on developing that idea to see if it holds relevance to your topic.