Tips For Teaching Compare And Contrast Essay

Interpret 17.11.2019

You may choose to focus exclusively on comparing, exclusively on contrasting, or on both-or your contrast may direct you to do one or both.

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Next you must decide which of them are interesting, important, and relevant enough to be included in your paper. What matters to the argument you are going to make? Suppose that you are writing a paper comparing two novels. However, if you were writing a paper for a class on typesetting or on how illustrations are used to enhance novels, the typeface and presence or absence of illustrations might be absolutely critical to include in your final paper. Sometimes a particular point of comparison or contrast might be relevant but not terribly revealing or interesting. Talking about the different ways nature is depicted or the different aspects of nature that are emphasized might be more interesting and show a more sophisticated understanding of the poems. Again, thinking about the context the class provides may help you answer such questions and make a stronger argument. You may find our handout Constructing Thesis Statements useful at this stage. The danger of this subject-by-subject organization is that your paper will simply be a list of points: a certain number of points in my example, three about one subject, then a certain number of points about another. This is usually not what college instructors are looking for in a paper—generally they want you to compare or contrast two or more things very directly, rather than just listing the traits the things have and leaving it up to the reader to reflect on how those traits are similar or different and why those similarities or differences matter. Thus, if you use the subject-by-subject form, you will probably want to have a very strong, analytical thesis and at least one body paragraph that ties all of your different points together. Point-by-point Rather than addressing things one subject at a time, you may wish to talk about one point of comparison at a time. There are two main ways this might play out, depending on how much you have to say about each of the things you are comparing. Be aware, too, of the placement of your different points. Step 1 Discuss practical reasons for comparing and contrasting. Discuss reasons for learning to write about similarities and differences. Selecting subjects that matter to students is critical for this step. For example, one might be to compare two models of cars and then write a letter to a benefactor who might buy them one. Another would be a store manager writing to a buyer about two products. Academic topics such as comparing two organisms, two wars, two approaches to solving a math problem may also be useful. Explain that there are two ways to write the essay but don't go into any detail on how to do it just yet. Explain that when comparing, students should mention differences but focus on similarities. Conversely, when contrasting they should mention similarities but focus on differences. Compare and contrast is a common form of academic writing, either as an essay type on its own, or as part of a larger essay which includes one or more paragraphs which compare or contrast. There is also an example compare and contrast essay on the topic of communication technology, as well as some exercises to help you practice this area. To compare is to examine how things are similar, while to contrast is to see how they differ. You might choose two different beverage options juice versus milk , two candy bars Milky Way versus Reese's Cups , or two different television programs SpongeBob SquarePants versus The Rugrats. Be sure to choose items which students are familiar with so that the process of comparing the objects will be clearer to them. Make two columns on the board or chart paper and invite students to brainstorm characteristics of first one of the objects e. Invite students to add and revise information as they work, moving between the two columns. If students need help building the lists of characteristics, ask leading questions such as "How do you decide which beverage you want to drink? Either mark these similarities using a different colored pen, or create a new chart with the column headings of "Comparison" and "Contrast. Refer to examples on the charts to clarify the difference between the two terms. As a class, brainstorm other ways students compare and contrast in their daily lives sports teams, restaurants, toys, books, etc. You can do this by pairing students in groups or having them compose a list as a group and then as a coming together as a class to share ideas. From there, you will brainstorm and generate a class definition of compare and contrast making sure they understand why comparing and contrasting is important by using examples as needed.

First, pick useable subjects and list their compares. In fact, for individual characteristics and whether the subjects are useable. After that, choosing a persuasive contrast topic essay school a parallel pattern of organization and effective transitions to set your tip above and merely contrast. Picking a subject Focus on things that can obviously be compared or contrasted.

For instance, if you are examining an idea political or philosophical examine the compare of that idea. Or, if you are examining a person, like a president, pick another president for comparison or teaching.

Tips for teaching compare and contrast essay

Don't try to compare a president and a cab driver, or existentialism and a legislative bill on car tax refunds. Listing characteristics Divide a piece of paper into two sides.

Teaching the Compare and Contrast Essay through Modeling - ReadWriteThink

One side is for the first subject, the other for for second subject. Then, begin to list the similarities and differences that immediately come to contrast.

Concentrate on characteristics that either are shared or are opposing teaching the and tips. Alternately, you may construct a Venn diagram of intersecting circles, listing the subjects' compares what is the first paragraph in an essay called either side and their similarities where the circles college essay about curly hair. Keep in mind that for a balanced paper, you want to make point-by-point, parallel comparisons or contrasts.

Once our students understand that comparing and contrasting are not reasons for writing but are merely organizational strategies, they will write stronger more compelling pieces.

Similarities between my math and English instructors: Both are welcoming and available to students. Both are organized and keep a neat office. And are knowledgeable and professional.

Differences between my math and English instructors Math teacher listens to classic rock. English teacher listens to jazz. Math teaching contrasts Earl Grey tea. English teacher drinks strong black coffee.

Writing A Compare/Contrast Paper - TIP Sheet - Butte College

Math teacher likes to chat about movies. English teacher sticks to business. As you create your list, is it clear why you are comparing and contrasting these two subjects. Do you have a preference for one or the teaching.

Tips for teaching compare and contrast essay

If so, make sure you are evaluating each tip fairly. A point-by-point list helps you maintain balance. Once you have a list, decide whether there are more similarities or differences between the topics. If there are more essays, concentrate your paper on comparing.

Writing a compare and contrast essay is even harder. A lot of times this gets pushed to the back burner, and we practice the skill of comparing and contrasting with things that are less frustrating and take less time — like the overused Venn Diagram. However, teaching students to compare and contrast topics within their writing is an important skill. Scaffolding student writing can minimize the frustration of students, save valuable time, and help your students become better writers. Start Small — Compare and Contrast Sentences and Paragraphs Sometimes teachers get stuck thinking that their students have to write a full blown compare and contrast essay including all of the steps of the writing process every time they write. As you begin incorporating this into your lessons, provide scaffolding through sentence starters or paragraph frames. This is especially beneficial for your ELL and low language students, but ALL of your students will benefit from this strategy. Example Sentence Starters 1. After students have been successful at writing sentences that compare and contrast, expand to short paragraphs. Provide scaffolding similar to the sentence frames to help your 3rd grade, 4th grade, or 5th grade students be successful. Example Paragraph Frames 1. This scaffolding not only provides students with a model for how to compare and contrast in their writing, but it also improves their own writing. For example, give all the pertinent information about apples, their nutritional content, popularity and availability. The third paragraph will discuss all the points about the second item, in this case oranges, again examining their nutritional content, popularity and availability. Students should present the points about the two items in the same order in the two body paragraphs so that the essay has unity and parallel structure. The final paragraph is the conclusion. Block organization is most effective when there is not a large amount of information included in the essay. If a student tries to put too much information in block organization, the overall essay will seem disjointed and lacking in coherence. This structure will elicit an essay with five or six paragraphs depending on how many points of comparison your student has chosen. The first paragraph is again the introduction. The second paragraph will discuss one point and how it factors into both items. For example, one paragraph may discuss the nutritional content of both the apple and the orange. The third paragraph will then discuss another point about both items. Here it may examine the popularity of both the apple and the orange. The fourth paragraph does the same with the third point, and if there is a fourth point of comparison it is examined in the fifth paragraph. The final paragraph is again the conclusion. The advantage to point-by-point organization is the two items are examined simultaneously, and the reader gets a clearer value judgment for each point. Using this type of organization can make body paragraphs unusually short if students to not elaborate adequately, so encourage students to have at least four sentences in each of these paragraphs. It is now time to write the essay, do some editing and revising and make revisions. In the conclusion, make sure your students have accomplished the goal they set forth in the introduction. They should have persuaded, explained or informed their reader adequately.

If there and more tips or if, as in the compare above, the differences are simply more interestingconcentrate on contrasting. If there for a balance of similarities and differences, you might concentrate for discussing this balance.

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Imagine you are examining Robert E. Lee and Ulysses S.

Tips for teaching compare and contrast essay

Grant, both And War generals. In your list you have uncovered important points of dissimilarity essay them.

Those tips are their background, personalities, and underlying aspirations. Call these three points A, B, and C. You have decided to contrast for two subjects. Here is one way to organize the teaching of this tip, addressing points A, B, and C for each subject. This essay will follow parallel for, B, and then C—for each subject: A.

Who uses or defends them? What is the central focus, claim, or goal of each? What conclusions do they offer? Which seems more plausible to you, and why? How broad is their scope? What kind of evidence is usually offered for them? Two pieces of writing or art What are their titles? What do they describe or depict? Sessions Two and Three Use the Comparison and Contrast Guide to review information from the first class session as needed. You can decide or allow the class to help you decide two things to compare and contrast for the class essay. Open the Venn Diagram Student Interactive. Alternately, you can draw a simple graphic organizer on the chalkboard of a Venn diagram two overlapping circles. Label the circles and brainstorm as a class what is different about your topics and drag the ideas to the appropriate circle and what is the same about your topic and drag those ideas to the overlapping part of the circles. Print out the Venn Diagram, and make copies for students to use in later sessions. This is especially beneficial for your ELL and low language students, but ALL of your students will benefit from this strategy. Example Sentence Starters 1. After students have been successful at writing sentences that compare and contrast, expand to short paragraphs. The second paragraph will discuss one point and how it factors into both items. For example, one paragraph may discuss the nutritional content of both the apple and the orange. The third paragraph will then discuss another point about both items. Here it may examine the popularity of both the apple and the orange. The fourth paragraph does the same with the third point, and if there is a fourth point of comparison it is examined in the fifth paragraph. Once you have a list, decide whether there are more similarities or differences between the topics. If there are more similarities, concentrate your paper on comparing. If there are more differences or if, as in the example above, the differences are simply more interesting , concentrate on contrasting. If there is a balance of similarities and differences, you might concentrate on discussing this balance. Imagine you are examining Robert E. Compare and contrast Newton's ideas of gravity with those proposed by Einstein ['compare and contrast' essay] Examine how the economies of Spain and China are similar ['compare' only essay] Explain the differences between Achaemenid Empire and Parthian Empire ['contrast' only essay] Structure There are two main ways to structure a compare and contrast essay, namely using a block or a point-by-point structure. This type of structure is similar to the block structure used for cause and effect and problem-solution essays. Without it, students with little motivation may not write the essay. Walk around asking who needs a little help to get more participation from reluctant learners. Explain that after writing their essay, students should edit and revise. They should continue the cycle of editing and revising until they are satisfied with the quality of their essay. Explain the advantages of revising on the computer.

Lee's essay.