How to List Something in an Essay M. Given the increasing speed of communication — and the growing impatience of readers — lists are more commonplace today, even in essays.
Remember that two fundamental English principles lead the way: Choose the simplest, most direct form of communication for the reader's sake and be consistent with your choices. Decide whether your list should be integrated in a paragraph or set off with a colon, with each successive sentence or clause on a separate line.
Short lists can often be contained within a list.
Set off this information with a essay, capitalize the first letter of each item and single-space can list. Use lists with multiple lines only when you have three or more essays of information. The lists how English dictate that two points — no can what the content — aren't significant enough to list the essay of attention that lists generate among how in the first place.
Summarizing paraphrasing and quotingYou can use interesting facts, quotations, or definitions of important terms you will use later in the essay. True, you can end the first item with with "or," but ORed advocates think that is not visually emphatic enough. He was nervous about giving the speech; he asked for water several times. In this part of your introduction, you narrow your focus of the topic and explain why the attention-grabber is relevant to the specific area you will be discussing. Example of a two-column list pairs of list items.
Create a parallel structure for your list, ensuring that the first word on each line is a noun, verb, adverb, gerund or infinitive phrase. Mixing structures will cause the reader to pause and stumble, defeating the purpose of creating a list.
Use bullet points to preface each item in your list. can Bullet points have largely replaced lists, but there is an exception here, too: Can a numbered list only if you plan to refer to certain information in the list later in the essay.Perhaps you can find an interesting quote that nicely sums up your argument. Across the board, you'd agree with us that not all lists are friendlier to the eyes but particular ones, and which ones are these. Like headings, the various types of lists are an important feature of professional technical writing: they help readers understand, remember, and review key points; they help readers follow a sequence of actions or events; and they break up long stretches of straight text. You must limit your entire essay to the topic you have introduced in your thesis statement. I also knew that Kool-Aid packets were 25 cents each or that I could save money and get five of them for a dollar.
Keep end punctuation to a minimum with how how. In this way, too, essays have evolved over the years.
You also want to do that in a way that is fresh and original. Instead, you might try one of the following techniques: Offer a surprising statistic that conveys something about the problem to be addressed in the paper. Perhaps you can find an interesting quote that nicely sums up your argument. Use rhetorical questions that place your readers in a different situation in order to get them thinking about your topic in a new way. If you have a personal connection to the topic, you might use an anecdote or story to get your readers emotionally involved. Attending college on a track scholarship, she was earning good grades and making lots of friends. This section helps the reader see why you are focusing on this topic and makes the transition to the main point of your paper. Therefore, you need to bridge the gap between your attention-grabber and your thesis with some transitional discussion. Use a lead-in to introduce the list items and to indicate the meaning or purpose of the list and punctuate it with a colon. When two items are alternatives, use a bulleted list with or between. Do not use numbered lists for items connected by or. Booleans would call these ORed items. Indicate this OR relationship in the list lead-in. When a separate notice or explanatory paragraph follows a item, indent that separate material to the text of the parent list item. Indented material that elaborates on the parent list item. Avoid using headings as lead-ins for lists. Avoid overusing lists; using too many lists destroys their effectiveness. Use similar types of lists consistently in similar text in the same document. For example, if you have two areas of text that present steps for doing a task, both should use the same list format—in this case, numbered lists. Use the "hanging indent" format for list items two or more lines long. This format is illustrated in the section on hanging indents. Use the "styles" function in your software to create vertical lists rather than constructing them manually. See this brief tutorial on using styles for lists. Note: In-sentence lists could be called "horizontal" lists. All the other lists types pesented here are "vertical" lists in that they format the items vertically rather than in paragraph format. Guidelines for Specific Types of Lists It's difficult to state guidelines on choosing between the various kinds of lists, but here's a stab at it: Most importantly, use numbered lists for items that are in a required order such as step-by-step instructions or for items that must be referred to by item number. Use bulleted lists for items that are in no required order. With in-sentence lists, there are no conventions when to use letters a , b , and so on, as opposed to numbers 1 , 2 , and so on. If you are in a numbered list and need a sublist, use lowercase letters, to contrast with the numbers. In this way, too, lists have evolved over the years. Each line should be self-contained and not require a semi-colon or period at the end. Students joining the department undertake to: attend all lectures and tutorials, meet deadlines for written work and contribute to tutorials and seminars To introduce an explanation, conclusion or amplification The colon can also be used to introduce an explanation, conclusion or amplification of an earlier statement. The use of the colon separates and highlights the second statement, showing that it follows on from the first. Tai chi is more than a form of physical exercise: it is meditation in movement. After extensive research, the committee came to its conclusion: development could not take place without further funding. Summary The semi-colon and colon are often underused, yet their correct use can enhance the clarity of your writing. Beware of an over dependence on the comma and full stop, as this can make for ambiguous and repetitive sentence structure. Otherwise, without this, you'd be breeding confusion in your paper, and that's contrary to the intentions of numbered lists in an essay which is to create an understanding and excellent flow in your writing. Once you go ahead to come up with the file, ensure you stay relevant, logical, and sensible. All the items in the numbered list are of sound grammar and match with the lead-in the information. Most writers would prefer using headlines as introductions to their numbered lists. However, this is not misleading, and we'd advise you to keep off such habits in academic writing more so when it comes to numbered lists in an essay. State the heading and go ahead and give some transitive information below it that will serve to lead-in the reader on the succeeding numbered lists. Provide some background information about your topic. You can use interesting facts, quotations, or definitions of important terms you will use later in the essay. Example: Hockey has been a part of life in Canada for over years. It has evolved into an extremely popular sport watched and played by millions of Canadians.
Each line should be how and not require a semi-colon or list at the end. The exception: long-winded sentences and those in which the list, read as a paragraph, make punctuation a necessity for clarity's sake. Cite this Article A tool to create a citation can reference this article Cite this Article.
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