Letters-to-the-Editor should be submitted directly to the appropriate Editor by e-mail. It should be noted that authors of the original research article will be given the opportunity to publicly respond to any Letter-to-the-Editor should it be accepted for publication.
Submission checklist You can use this list to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal for review. Please check the relevant section in this Guide for Authors for more details. Ethics in publishing Please see our information pages on Ethics in publishing and Ethical guidelines for journal publication. Declaration of interest All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence bias their work.
Authors must disclose any interests in two places: 1. A summary declaration of interest statement in the title page file if double-blind or the manuscript file if single-blind. If there are no interests to declare then please state this: 'Declarations of interest: none'. This summary statement will be ultimately published if the article is accepted.
Detailed disclosures as part of a separate Declaration of Interest form, which forms part of the journal's official records. It is important for potential interests to be declared in both places and that the information matches.
More information. Submission declaration and verification Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously except in the form of an abstract, a published lecture or academic thesis, see ' Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication ' for more information , that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder.
To verify originality, your article may be checked by the originality detection service Crossref Similarity Check. Preprints Please note that preprints can be shared anywhere at any time, in line with Elsevier's sharing policy.
Sharing your preprints e. Use of inclusive language Inclusive language acknowledges diversity, conveys respect to all people, is sensitive to differences, and promotes equal opportunities. Articles should make no assumptions about the beliefs or commitments of any reader, should contain nothing which might imply that one individual is superior to another on the grounds of race, sex, culture or any other characteristic, and should use inclusive language throughout.
Changes to authorship Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor.
To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: a the reason for the change in author list and b written confirmation e-mail, letter from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed. Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted.
While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum. Copyright Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' see more information on this. An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form or a link to the online version of this agreement.
Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations. If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author s must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source s in the article.
Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases. For gold open access articles: Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete an 'Exclusive License Agreement' more information.
Permitted third party reuse of gold open access articles is determined by the author's choice of user license. Author rights As an author you or your employer or institution have certain rights to reuse your work. Elsevier supports responsible sharing Find out how you can share your research published in Elsevier journals.
If the funding source s had no such involvement then this should be stated. Funding body agreements and policies Elsevier has established a number of agreements with funding bodies which allow authors to comply with their funder's open access policies.
Some funding bodies will reimburse the author for the gold open access publication fee. Details of existing agreements are available online. The published journal article cannot be shared publicly, for example on ResearchGate or Academia.
The embargo period for this journal can be found below. Regardless of how you choose to publish your article, the journal will apply the same peer review criteria and acceptance standards. For gold open access articles, permitted third party re use is defined by the following Creative Commons user licenses : Creative Commons Attribution CC BY Lets others distribute and copy the article, create extracts, abstracts, and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from an article such as a translation , include in a collective work such as an anthology , text or data mine the article, even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit the author s , do not represent the author as endorsing their adaptation of the article, and do not modify the article in such a way as to damage the author's honor or reputation.
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs CC BY-NC-ND For non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work such as an anthology , as long as they credit the author s and provided they do not alter or modify the article. Green open access Authors can share their research in a variety of different ways and Elsevier has a number of green open access options available. We recommend authors see our open access page for further information.
Authors can also self-archive their manuscripts immediately and enable public access from their institution's repository after an embargo period.
This is the version that has been accepted for publication and which typically includes author-incorporated changes suggested during submission, peer review and in editor-author communications.
Embargo period: For subscription articles, an appropriate amount of time is needed for journals to deliver value to subscribing customers before an article becomes freely available to the public. This is the embargo period and it begins from the date the article is formally published online in its final and fully citable form.
Find out more. This journal has an embargo period of 24 months. Elsevier Researcher Academy Researcher Academy is a free e-learning platform designed to support early and mid-career researchers throughout their research journey. The "Learn" environment at Researcher Academy offers several interactive modules, webinars, downloadable guides and resources to guide you through the process of writing for research and going through peer review.
Feel free to use these free resources to improve your submission and navigate the publication process with ease. Language usage and editing services Please write your text in good English American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these.
Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use the English Language Editing service available from Elsevier's WebShop.
Submission Our online submission system guides you stepwise through the process of entering your article details and uploading your files. The system converts your article files to a single PDF file used in the peer-review process. Editable files e. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, is sent by e-mail. Referees Please submit the names and institutional e-mail addresses of several potential referees.
For more details, visit our Support site. Note that the editor retains the sole right to decide whether or not the suggested reviewers are used. Suggested reviewers must be supplied with complete contact details and e-mail addresses. Reviewers should be knowledgeable of the research area and must not have a conflict of interest. Do not list collaborators, colleagues, researchers at your institution, former advisors or advisees.
Additonal information Authors are required to submit a cover letter with each new submission to the journal.
This cover letter should acknowledge that the author has consulted the Guide for Authors in preparing his or her submitted manuscript. The author must also confirm that he or she has prepared the manuscript in compliance with the Ethics in Publishing Policy as described in the Guide for Authors. In preparing the cover letter, the author must also address the following points: Author indication if manuscript is a re-submission Suggested reviewers with complete contact details and e-mail addresses.
Keywords are provided References are in correct format PDF of manuscript is in correct order upon submission Manuscript length is in compliance with the Guide for Authors Peer review This journal operates a single blind review process. All contributions will be initially assessed by the editor for suitability for the journal.
Papers deemed suitable are then typically sent to a minimum of two independent expert reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper. The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles. The Editor's decision is final. More information on types of peer review. Language All papers submitted to the journal should be written in good English. Authors for whom English is not their native language are encouraged to have their paper checked before submission for grammar and clarity.
Please note Elsevier neither endorses nor takes responsibility for any products, goods or services offered by outside vendors through our services or in any advertising. For more information about language editing services please visit our Support Center.
Use of word processing software It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the word processor used. The text should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. In particular, do not use the word processor's options to justify text or to hyphenate words. However, do use bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts etc. When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row.
If no grid is used, use tabs, not spaces, to align columns. The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts see also the Guide to Publishing with Elsevier. Note that source files of figures, tables and text graphics will be required whether or not you embed your figures in the text. See also the section on Electronic artwork. To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' functions of your word processor.
Article structure Subdivision - numbered sections Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1. Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.
Introduction State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. Material and methods Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized, and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source.
Any modifications to existing methods should also be described. Results Results should be clear and concise. Discussion This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature. Conclusions The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.
Appendices If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible. Please clearly indicate the given name s and family name s of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled.
You can add your name between parentheses in your own script behind the English transliteration. JIEC brings together multidisciplinary interests in one journal and is to disseminate information on all aspects of research and development in industrial and engineering chemistry. Contributions in the form of research articles, short communications, notes and reviews are considered for publication.
The editors welcome original contributions that have not been and are not to be published elsewhere. Instruction to authors and a manuscript submissions form are printed at the end of each issue.
Bulk reprints of individual articles can be ordered.
These keywords will be used for indexing purposes. Sharing your preprints e. Letters to Editors - raise scientific or technical questions about a published article.
For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author s and year s.
Concise and informative. Perspective manuscripts should contain no more than words, up to three figures and 60 references. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' or 'Permanent address' may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. You are urged to visit this site; some excerpts from the detailed information are given here. See also the section on Electronic artwork.
Green open access Authors can share their research in a variety of different ways and Elsevier has a number of green open access options available. Referees Please submit the names and institutional e-mail addresses of several potential referees.
You will not receive correspondence if your figure is not selected.